Commissioning Support Services have been rebranded. But what will incoming CSUs actually do?
The infrastructure of commissioning support has evolved rapidly this summer. In the past month, the NHS Commissioning Board Authority has renamed Commissioning Support Services (CSSs) as Commissioning Support Units (CSUs), and introduced 23 CSUs that will be managed by the NHSCB during the transition period. The rebranding is designed to distinguish the NHS units from the wider commissioning support services marketplace.
The move marks the first part of wider efforts to develop a sustainable network of CSUs. This will be led by a CSU Transition Programme team that will focus on establishing key components of commissioning support, including a standard contract, a CCG procurement framework, market development and the commercial development of CSUs. The Transition Programme Team will be appointed shortly. In the meantime, details of how CSUs will collaborate to provide essential services at scale have been unveiled, following an NHSCBA business review.
CSUs will provide at least one of four ‘scale services’ for CCGs. These are:
- Business intelligence
Business intelligence services will comprise data management and integration centres that provide data validation, integration and storage to cleanse and link national and local data sets. This will ensure that meaningful data are available for further analysis by CCGs and CSUs.
- Healthcare (clinical) procurement
These comprise market management activities such as market engagement, analysis and development. It also includes procurement strategies such as procurement project management, strategy development and process compliance.
- Business support
This includes HR, payroll, procurement of goods and services, legal services, information management and technology.
- Communications and engagement service
The configuration of this area is yet to be finalised.
At present, a number of CSUs are evaluating their capabilities and determining which scale services they wish to provide. However, 23 have been assessed and approved.
Dr Joe Rafferty (pictured), Director of Commissioning Support at the NHSCBA, said the national configurations go a “long way” towards providing stability for CCGs when they take over the responsibilities of PCTs next April.
Context and progress
The NHS reforms opened up a free market to service providers. Officially, any organisation can assist CCGs in tendering for services. But the introduction of support organisations by the NHSCBA provides a safety blanket for CCGs when in need of external commissioning assistance. Although CSUs have been given titles referring to different regions they are free to provide services to any of the 212 CCGs in England.
CSUs are currently completing the third ‘checkpoint’ stage introduced by the NHSCBA to ensure not only that they are competent and financially robust, but that any “potential commissioning and financial risks are manageable” when they are fully authorised. The Board has made it clear that although it will oversee the transitional stage of these organisations, staff will not be employed by the NHS – nor will it be responsible for the services they tender. CSUs are transitional partners in a shift away from the old healthcare system dictated by top-down management. Also, CCGs have been informed that they will be responsible for the services organised by CSUs.
After the CSUs passed the Board’s first checkpoint at the turn of the year – a peer review process which assessed the preparedness of CSSs to be “responsive” to CCGs’ needs – three CSUs were disbanded during the second stage of the authorisation process. Plans for West Mercia, Peninsula and NHS Communications and Engagement Service CSUs were scrapped after the three were found to have “failed outright in their development”. A further nine CSUs were identified by the NHSCBA as being in need of “rigorous management” – though the Board agreed to develop them further through its own business development unit.
The third and final checkpoint will “comprehensively test the full business plan, strategy and overall feasibility” of commissioning services. The deadline for this has been set at the end of September 2012.
Long before the introduction of CCGs and the controversial NHS reforms as part of the Health and Social Care Act, staff working within PCTs were tasked with commissioning services to meet local health needs. It’s expected that the majority of these staff will continue to play prominent roles in future CSUs – allowing pharma to maintain important contacts within the health service. In fact, the first 16 managing directors of the 23 CSUs have now been appointed by the Board and include a number from high profile PCT positions.
The NHSCBA has called upon the units to be “innovative” and provide “greater value for money”. It is expected that the main functions of support organisations will be to assist in transformational and transactional commissioning functions such as procurement, contract negotiation and monitoring and risk stratification.
The NHSCB’s Developing commissioning support: Towards service excellence outlines how CCGs may wish to utilise the services provided by CSUs:
- ‘One stop’ commissioning – CCGs share the services of support units to form a collective power when negotiating with healthcare providers. These services are expected to be built on medium to long-term arrangements.
- Specific products and/or services – although currently delivered by a range of suppliers, CCGs may ask CSUs to deliver assistance through a wider end-to-end commissioning support service.
- Business support – services such as key decision-making activities must be carried out by CCGs but highly transactional functions are likely to be outsourced.
- Scale services support – services that should be delivered for larger populations by a large number of organisations.
A recent report by the National Association of Primary Care and the NHS Alliance found that half of the 212 CCGs across the country expect to source services from CSUs. Slightly less than a third (32%) indicated they plan to use their own in-house expertise with just 5% saying they plan to use services outside the NHS to commission.
CCGs also indicated they plan to work with their local CSUs – and maintain a working relationship with the commissioning support service used as part of their authorisation process. Although concerns were raised over the cost of outsourcing commissioning, nearly half (45%) of CCGs said the costs associated with CSUs were affordable. Only 12% disagreed.
But not all commissioners are sold on the idea of outsourcing services. Only 8% of respondents said that commissioning units can deliver support in a more innovative way than had previously been experienced. Also, the majority of CCGs called for further information on procuring commissioning support and information on choices available to them.
There has also been criticism from CCGs about the number of CSUs across the country and the speed of their development. As part of their own authorisation, commissioning groups must establish a contract with a support organisation. But Dr Joe McGilligan, Chair of ESyDoc CCG, recently revealed that the “most difficult” challenge his organisation faces is finding a CSU. He added that when an offer was received by his local CSU it far exceeded their budget.
Those claims were echoed by the NHS Alliance. Its chair Dr Michael Dixon said there needed to be more than 23 CSUs across the country to serve the 212 CCGs. He said a bottleneck was being created as commissioning groups moved through their own ‘waves’ of authorisation and that a “lack of sellers” may push some commissioners towards the private sector.
The NHSCB recently staged a commissioning support unit scenario to explore the proposed relationship between CCGs and CSUs, and to try and anticipate likely challenges which may be faced in the future. However, if the Board continues to slow down the authorisation of CCGs, it’s expected that many will be forced to turn to the private sector instead of their preferred support unit options.