Logical reasoning tests: What you need to know

Image of a laptop with a clock on the screen and a woman standing in front of it to show Logical reasoning tests: What you need to know

Logical reasoning tests are a cornerstone of aptitude tests. They comprise the foundation for many job interviews on assessment days. But what can you expect from them? Nikki Pham explains.

While it is probably not the hardest type of assessment, logical reasoning tests allow you to demonstrate your logical aptitude. Developed logical skills are an asset as they represent the advanced thinking capacity of a potential team member. Logic allows us to analyse the world around us, draw conclusions and accumulate the necessary data for making informed decisions.

We use logical reasoning to handle day-to-day routines and spontaneous events and employers want to be sure that their employees are able to undertake their direct duties and creative problem-solving. That is why logical reasoning tests are so popular.

What are logical reasoning tests?

Logical reasoning tests are very similar to IQ-tests. In general, to solve them you don’t need any specific skills. The majority of tasks use shapes, sequences, and patterns and can also be called diagrammatic reasoning or spatial reasoning tests. Your task will be to manipulate these shapes and patterns using logic and draw conclusions for choosing the correct answer. Some logical reasoning tests assess a more specific part of your logical thinking so may feature abstract, inductive or deductive reasoning.

What do logical reasoning tests show?

These tests evaluate a person’s capacity to analyse given data and draw logical conclusions. A deeper inquiry can reveal versatile character traits that can demonstrate if you’re good at problem-solving or flexible thinking. Different tests target different logical thinking skills.

  • Inductive reasoning is an ability to come to conclusions relying on the patterns and sequences to assess the situation as a complex whole. Inductive reasoning is used every day for basic planning such as time management and task setting. Inductive reasoning abilities can demonstrate how good you will be with business routines.
  • Deductive reasoning involves coming to specific conclusions about a situation or an object using general information. For example, Michelangelo is your friend’s tortoise, all tortoises eat fruit, therefore Michelangelo will eat an apple. Deductive reasoning plays a crucial role in creative problem-solving as it involves finding solutions on limited information.
  • Abstract reasoning is also called conceptual reasoning as it also uses conceptual thinking. Abstract reasoning is used to identify trends, logical rules, or differences in patterns. The levels of abstract reasoning ability show the flexibility of your intellectual abilities and determine how well you handle new skills and your potential for career growth.

How to pass logical reasoning tests

Solving these tests doesn’t require specific knowledge or skills, they evaluate your way of thinking, so your main objective is to keep calm and take the tasks one at a time.

Don’t overthink them. Read the description and choose a suitable answer, no matter how easy it may sound.

Don’t rush, but don’t spend too much time on a question you can’t figure out; skip it and return to it later. Giving a hard task a second look might help you spot a sequence or pattern you didn’t notice first time around.

Be prepared. The best way to avoid rookie mistakes is to practise. This familiarity will help you to plan your time and build your potential for success.

Go to www.practiceaptitudetests.com

Read more articles from the April issue of Pf Magazine. 

Looking to advance your career? Take a look at the latest roles on Pharmajobs.